Photovoltaic panel can be a great aid to sailors, keeping important lights and devices operating, even when batteries run low or a generator breakdowns. They are also a much quieter way of recharging batteries!
Learning how to set up marine solar panels will be crucial for the sailor who desires their benefits, however first she or he should find out which photovoltaic panels are best.
Three kinds of solar cells are frequently used in solar panels, each with its own benefits. The sailor requires to find out these advantages and select the solar panels that are best for the requirement.
Types of Solar Panels
Solar panels must be avoided shading, as shaded cells draw energy on their own from other cells.
1. Photovoltaic panel using monocrystalline cells have high conversion efficiency, and take up less space, however do not have shade security.
2. Photovoltaic panel using polycrystalline cells have even higher conversion performance, take up even less space, but still lack shade security.
3. Photovoltaic panel using amorphous silicon cells have lower conversion efficiency, and use up more space, but do have shade protection. This can be specifically important on a sailboat.
Marine photovoltaic panels are offered in both versatile and difficult types. Difficult solar panels can be attached to the deck, while versatile solar panels might be attached to deck or canvas.
Size and Number of Solar Panels
Learning how to install marine solar panels will include estimations to determine what size and how many solar panels you will require. This info is readily offered on the Internet by searching the concern: “What size solar panel do I require” on your favorite online search engine.
The rule of thumb is to enable 20% more solar panel power than you approximate you will require.
Placement of Solar Panels
When you have figured out the size and number of solar panels needed, you will be better able to figure out where they will be positioned. Read the guidelines that came with your solar panels.
The simple answer to how to set up marine solar panels is: in the sun. Select places that will get optimal sunshine without shaded spots.
In placing marine solar panels, consider the use of extra bars/braces to protect the panels. You certainly desire them to remain stable.
How to Set Up Marine Solar Panels
Your marine photovoltaic panels ought to have clear instructions for installation. In addition to those, consider the following.
Most marine photovoltaic panel systems have three primary components:
1. Solar panels to gather sunshine and produce a charge for you.
2. Charge controller to manage the charge entering your battery and avoid overcharging it.
3. Batteries to keep the energy your photovoltaic panels created.
As soon as marine solar panels have charged your batteries, you can use that energy to run most 12 volt DC home appliances. These might include your security lights, routine lighting, pumps, and fans, in addition to little home appliances.
If you add an inverter, you can likewise run 120 volt Air Conditioner home appliances such as a microwave, radio, satellite dish, or radio. An inverter is a different system, not mentioned above, that changes the current coming out of the battery into that required by most home appliances.
Off, check to see that the system has a voltmeter. Purchase and install one if it does not. This will permit you to examine the charge you are getting.
Attach your photovoltaic panels safely in location, and connect them per the guidelines included in your package. Use just tinned marine grade wire ranging from the panels to the batteries.
Ask concerns if you are uncertain of the wire you are thinking about. Routine automobile wire may look similar, but in marine conditions, it will lose its capability to carry out electrical power.
Helpful Tip: Pre-packaged marine photovoltaic panel kits take the uncertainty out of installation.
Learning how to set up marine solar panels will be important for the sailor who desires their advantages, but initially he or she need to discover which solar panels are best. Setting up marine solar panels will consist of computations to determine what size and how many solar panels you will need. Once you have identified the size and number of solar panels needed, you will be better able to determine where they will be positioned.